A report published by the Royal Society and the British Academy for the SET-C (Science in Emergencies Tasking: COVID-19) group looks at the behavioural aspects of vaccine uptake and misinformation.
Prof Melissa Leach, Director of the Institute of Development Studies and co-lead of the Social Science in Humanitarian Action Platform, who participated in the roundtable that informed the report, said:
“Vaccine hesitancy is nothing new, and not specific to Covid-19. As wide ranging work from social scientists and humanities scholars shows us, vaccine anxieties and anti-vaccination sentiment have existed for as long as vaccines themselves, both in the UK and around the world – going back to the Anti-Compulsory Vaccination League formed in response to the 1867 Vaccination Act, extending through the MMR controversy that began in the 1990s, and encompassing hesitancy around oral polio vaccines, HPV vaccines and more in Africa and Asia. This important report brings together key insights from this longstanding body of work, linking it credibly with recent survey data on attitudes to possible Covid-19 vaccination amongst British and US publics. Important insights include that vaccines are social phenomena as much as technical ones, and people will always interpret, accept or worry about them in their social contexts. Publics are not ignorant or ‘empty vessels’ ready to absorb the information put out by public health authorities or indeed the apparent ‘misinformation’ put out by anti-vaxx campaigners; they will always interpret this in the light of their own experiences, community relationships, and their broader trust in state and global agencies and authorities. Social difference is key, and gender, ethnicity, class and other factors and inequalities shape who hesitates, and why. Effective public engagement with vaccination needs not one-way messaging, but respectful dialogue and community engagement. These are longstanding lessons from multiple settings about what it takes to understand vaccine hesitancy and to build vaccine confidence, and they are highly relevant now. Moreover, for Covid-19 vaccines, the rapidity of their development, the multiplicity and novelty of technological platforms, and the new, complex contexts of their roll-out including a social-media led ‘infodemic’ and science-policy controversies over the handling of the pandemic – are likely to intensify anxieties. In short, vaccine hesitancy is set to be a huge issue for Covid-19; building vaccine confidence is a massive priority, and social science insights are vital to support this.”
‘COVID-19 vaccine deployment: Behaviour, ethics, misinformation and policy strategies’ was published by the Royal Society and the British Academy at 00:01 UK time on Tuesday 10 November 2020.
Prof Melissa Leach: “I’m one of the participants in the British Academy/Royal Society roundtable that informed this report, and am one of the social scientists cited in it.”