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expert reaction to unpublished work on pesticides and diabetes

In a systematic review papers concerning the effect of environmental pollutants on levels of diabetes, a research group presenting their work at European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting report that exposure to certain types of pesticides increases the risk of diabetes. read more

expert reaction to review investigating the effects of trans unsaturated fats and saturated fats on health

Exactly how much of different types of nutrients should be part of our diets is the focus of much research, advice and controversy. Publishing in the BMJ, a group has investigated the effects of saturated and unsaturated fats and they report that total trans unsaturated fat intake was associated with increased mortality and death from coronary heart disease, while this was not the case for saturated fats. read more

expert reaction to Lancet series of reviews on impacts of nuclear disasters, around the 70th anniversary of the atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The health effects and lessons learnt from nuclear disasters is the subject of three papers published in The Lancet. The papers report that survivors of such events have an increased risk of developing negative physical, psychological and social effects including cancer and post-traumatic stress disorder. The papers concludethat physicians should receive training in how to deal with nuclear disasters, in order for them to provide decision aids to protect workers, vulnerable people and residents following a disaster. read more

expert reaction to childhood psychiatric problems reaching adulthood

Publishing in JAMA Psychiatry, a group of researchers have examined the long-term health impacts of childhood psychiatric disorders, even if those specific disorders do not themselves persist. They report that patients with such a childhood psychiatric illness were at a greater risk of financial, legal, health or social problems, compared to people without such psychiatric issues. read more

expert reaction to exposure to green spaces at school and cognitive development in primary schoolchildren

A study of schoolchildren in Spain has been published in the journal PNAS, in which the authors aimed to examine the effects of exposure to green spaces on cognitive development. The authors report beneficial effects on aspects including memory and attentiveness with increasing levels of green space, which the partially attribute to reduction in exposure to air pollution. read more

predicting death – who is at risk of dying in the next five years?

Is it possible to predict who will die within the next five years? Scientists have used UK Biobank data to carry out a systematic comparison of predictors of death in middle-aged to elderly people, and have published their results in the Lancet. They investigated whether measures that can be obtained by simple questionnaires without any need for physical examination could reliably predict risk of death within five years in people aged 40 to 70 years. read more

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